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The Journal of Japanese Language Literature Studies > Volume 8(1); 2019 > Article
Border Crossings: The Journal of Japanese-Language Literature Studies 2019;8(1): 55-72.
doi: https://doi.org/10.22628/bcjjl.2019.8.1.55
Jiro Ikushima's "Shanghai International Settlement" Depicted as a Scar: Hardboiled Detective Fiction as an Alternative Form of Postwar Literature
Saori SAKAMOTO
天主教輔仁大学日本語文学系副教授
生島治郎が描く「傷痕」としての「租借地․ 上海」
Correspondence  Saori SAKAMOTO ,Email: 049296@mail.fju.edu.tw
Published online: 30 June 2019.
Copyright ©2020 The Global Institute for Japanese Studies, Korea University
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ABSTRACT
In An Introduction to Repatriation Literature Park Yu-ha states that the unique living experiences of “the Japanese returnees repatriating from the exotic lands” constructed a part of the contextual backgrounds of Postwar Japanese Literature. This study explores the genre of so-called hard-boiled fiction and its introduction to postwar Japan by Jiro Ikushima or Oyabu Haruhiko, who both had experiences of repatriating from “the exotic lands” of their youth. Ikushima or Haruhiko both considered their own miserable repatriation experiences core to their work. The genre of hard-boiled fiction itself may be viewed as a type of creation that evokes the memory of war and provided a new lens through which to reexamine the history of East Asia in postwarJapan that would be inherited by later generations of writers. Ikushima debuted in 1964 as a pioneer representative of the authentic Japanese hard-boiled detective novelists with The Streets of Scars. Intriguingly, the title of Ikushima’s debut novel significantly corresponded to the keyword of “scars” proposed by Taiwanese-born researcher Hotsuki Ozaki in a discussion about “the old colonies.” Ozaki also pointed out that it was “a necessary choice” for Ikushima to become a writer of hard-boiled fiction. This paper attempts to explore how Ikushima depicted the Shanghai International Settlement as his hometown with complicated emotions and feelings, hoping to reinvestigate the issues of war and history involved in hard-boiled fiction and the current situations of alternative post-war Japanese literature through these discussions.
Keywords: Jiro Ikushima, Scar/Trauma, Shanghai Internati onal Settlement, Alternative Postwar Literature, Hardboiled Detective Novel

キ―ワ―ド: 生島治郎, 傷痕, 租借地 ․ 上海, もう一つの戦後文学, ハードボイ ルド ․ ミステリ
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