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The Journal of Japanese Language Literature Studies > Volume 9(1); 2019 > Article
Border Crossings: The Journal of Japanese-Language Literature Studies 2019;9(1): 63-79.
doi: https://doi.org/10.22628/bcjjl.2019.9.1.63
The Use of Multi-cultural Seasonal Associations in Haiku
Lecturer, Vietnam National University of Hochiminh City University of Social Sciences and Humanities
Correspondence  Nguyen Vu QUYNH NHU ,Email: nhu@hcmussh.edu.vn
Published online: 30 December 2019.
Copyright ©2019 The Global Institute for Japanese Studies, Korea University
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
‘Kigo’, or the use of seasonal words, is a very specific topic in the history of Japanese haiku. Nowadays, despite many linguistic differences between countries, and variations in their conceptions of the harmony between society and nature as well as the changing of the four seasons, the haiku has become popular in many countries, including Vietnam. In light of this, this study examines the use of kigo in Vietnamese haiku poems. Even though Vietnam lacks four distinct seasons, Vietnamese haiku lovers enjoy aspects of haiku that are related to the calendar, annual events, ceremonies, plants, and numerous dimensions of daily life other than seasonal elements. This study argues that kigo will continue to exist in Vienamese haiku in a way which reflects the country’s unique mix of identities and its diverse culture and geography. This is because in the current global era we should consider the multi-cultural use of “kigo” as a new way of enjoying haiku through novel words and new categories of seasonal association.
Keywords: Vietnamese Haiku, Seasonal Words, Four Seasons, Lunar Calendar, Annual Events, A Glossary of Seasonal Terms

キ―ワ―ド: ベトナム俳句, 季語, 四季, 旧暦, 年中行事, 歳時記
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