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The Journal of Japanese Language Literature Studies > Volume 10(1); 2020 > Article
Border Crossings: The Journal of Japanese-Language Literature Studies 2020;10(1): 161-177.
doi: https://doi.org/10.22628/bcjjl.2020.10.1.161
The Range of Imagination in Medical Haiku in the 1950s :A Study of The Collection of Tetsu Hizikata’s Haiku:For a Good Day
Izumi GOTODA
PhD student, Hiroshima University Japanese Language and Culture Education
1950年代「療養俳句」における想像力の射程 ―― 土方鉄句集―よき日のために論
後藤田和
広島大学大学院教育学研究科博士課程後期
Correspondence  Izumi GOTODA ,Email: igotoda@outlook.jp
Published online: 30 June 2020.
Copyright ©2020 The Global Institute for Japanese Studies, Korea University
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate The Collection of Tetsu Hijikata’s Haiku:For a Good Day, which depicts the treatment of tuberculosis in haiku of the 1950s. It is an important work which can help us to reconsider the contemporary framework of medical and social haiku. First, we will assess the representation of tuberculosis in modern Japanese literature and compare the medical haiku of the 1950s with Hijikata’s haiku. In the study of the representation of tuberculosis in modern Japanese literature, the haiku genre has rarely been addressed. In addition, research on medical haiku has tended to attract attention only to Hakyo Ishida’s haiku. For that reason, I will focus on the Tetsu Hijikata’s haiku, which were influenced by Hakyo Ishida’s work. Most of the medical haiku of that time express the fear, suffering, and sorrow associated with the treatment of tuberculosis, and the increasing stereotypicality of such work was reinforced by the social haiku which appeared in the haiku field at that time. In such a situation, Hijikata referenced the Asia-Pacific War and the Korean War by using the word “roar” in conjunction with the treatment of tuberculosis. On this basis, The Collection of Tetsu Hijikata’s Haiku:For a Good Day can be evaluated as a text that captures the contemporary framework of medical and social haiku, and that develops a new framework for the genre.
Keywords: Tetsu Hijikata, Hakyo Ishida, Medical Haiku, Roar, The Korean War

キ―ワ―ド: 土方鉄, 石田波郷, 療養俳句, 爆音, 朝鮮戦争
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