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The Journal of Japanese Language Literature Studies > Volume 12(1); 2021 > Article
Border Crossings: The Journal of Japanese-Language Literature Studies 2021;12(1): 139-156.
doi: https://doi.org/10.22628/bcjjl.2021.12.1.139
The Beliefs and Lived Reality of White Russians in Manchukuo:Focusing on Takeuchi Masakazu’s Summer Love and Easter
Qiuli ZHOU
PhD Student, Hiroshima University Graduate School of Letters
「満洲国」における 白系ロシア人の信仰と現実―― 竹内正一「夏の日の恋」「復活祭」を中心に
周秋利
国立広島大学大学院文学研究科人間文化学·比較日本文化学分野博士課程後期。
Correspondence  Qiuli ZHOU ,Email: syuusyuuri@yahoo.co.jp
Published online: 30 June 2021.
Copyright ©2021 The Global Institute for Japanese Studies, Korea University
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ABSTRACT
With the advent of the October Revolution in 1917, a large number of White Russians who lost their homes and became deracinated emigrated to Harbin. Takeuchi Masakazu, a Japanese writer from Manchuria who started working in Harbin in 1934, noticed this particular group of foreigners living in Manchukuo, and in depicting them wrote Summer Love and Easter in a realistic style. The narratives of both works unfold along the Easter timeline of the Orthodox Eastern Church. Through a textual analysis of these works and an investigation of historical documents, it is clear that the cohesion of their beliefs hindered the implementation of a series of policies instituted by Japan which aimed to assimilate the White Russians in Manchukuo. Moreover, Easter was a cultural symbol of the White Russians in the multi-ethnic Manchukuo. Takeuchi adopts symbolic methods to describe their living conditions as they lived through a variety of historical events. In this way he reveals the White Russian longing for their homeland and clarifies their sense of being foreigners in Manchukuo. Through the hints of the ups and downs of Japanese and White Russian relations in Summer Love and the tragic plight of the White Russian in Easter, Takeuchi expresses the powerlessness and suffering of ordinary civilians during the war, and conveys a sense of introspection on the war.
Keywords: Manchurian Japanese Literature, Harbin, Religious Representation, Japan-Russia Relations, State of Existence

キ―ワ―ド: 満洲日系文学, ハルビン, 宗教的表象, 日露関係, 生存状態
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