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The Journal of Japanese Language Literature Studies > Volume 2(1); 2015 > Article
Border Crossings: The Journal of Japanese-Language Literature Studies 2015;2(1): 145-161.
doi: https://doi.org/10.22628/bcjjl.2015.2.1.145
Zhixi YIN
Correspondence  Zhixi YIN ,Email: shiseki315@yahoo.co.jp
Published online: 30 June 2015.
Copyright ©2015 The Global Institute for Japanese Studies, Korea University
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Western classic detective fiction was introduced and translated into Japan and China almost simultaneously and inspired both Japanese and Chinese novelists to create fiction with individual, prodigious detectives as their leading roles, which was not too dissimilar to their Western counterparts. Nevertheless, in the postwar era, Japan and China developed diverse genres of detective fiction. In 1960s’ Japan, the Syakaiha(Social School) detective fiction, which is best represented by Matsumoto Seicho, tended to produce realistic works wherein the police, journalists and ordinary citizens, instead of great detectives, turned out to be the leading force in solving murder cases. In 1980s China, however, the state helped to nurture a new literary genre, Hose Bungaku(Legal System Literature), which highlighted how the police caught criminals. Having borrowed techniques from Syakaiha detective fiction, Hose Bungaku, also has its own characteristics. This paper compares both genres by positioning them in the different contexts of Japan and China and further discusses their historical significance.
Keywords: detective fiction, Social School, popular novels, Legal System Literature, Matsumoto Seicho

キ―ワ―ド: 推理小説, 社会派, 大衆文学, 法制文学, 松本清張
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