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The Journal of Japanese Language Literature Studies > Volume 16(1); 2023 > Article
Border Crossings: The Journal of Japanese-Language Literature Studies 2023;16(1): 117-134.
doi: https://doi.org/10.22628/bcjjl.2023.16.1.117
The Turn of the Twentieth Century and Ikaho Hot Spring Placed at the Beginning :The Fabricated Bliss in Tokutomi Roka’s Hototogisu
PhD student, The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
明治30年代と<始まり>の「伊香保」 ―― 徳冨蘆花『不如帰』における幸福の偽装
Correspondence  Shiho ANDOH ,Email: stars_and_lilies@yahoo.co.jp
Published online: 30 June 2023.
Copyright ©2023 The Global Institute for Japanese Studies, Korea University
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This paper reappraises Tokutomi Roka’s Hototogisu, a work which was widely presented in a variety of media between the Meiji and Showa periods. Previous studies on this novel have paid attention to its melodramatic structure, which is based on the representation of the Zushi, and the depiction of Takeo reconciling with his late wife Namiko’s father as marking “the end” (owari). However, the Shinpa versions, which were considered to be the most representative of various stage adaptations of Hototogisu, used the hot spring site of Ikaho as the setting for the opening act of the play, as in the original novel. Both the Shinpa adaptations and the original novel entail the link between the Ikaho hot spring and Hototogisu, in this way centering the portrayal of marital bliss. This is also emphasized in collected essays Ikaho Miyage. To elucidate the function of this bliss in the literary works of later generations, this paper revisits the centrality of Ikaho in the original novel while also considering the instability and multiplicity of the 1890s Japanese society from which it emerged. This focus reveals how the image of “hot springs” is conceptualized and the kind of linguistic network that is constructed in Hototogisu.
Keywords: Tokutomi Roka, Hototogisu, Representation of Hot spring in Modern Japan, Topos, The Meiji 30s

キ―ワ―ド: 徳冨蘆花,
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